ASTM A131 Grade AH36

TAGS: ASTM A131 | Grade AH36 | Shipbuilding Steel Plate | Shipbuilding | Shipbuilding Steel |

ASTM A131 Grade AH36

ASTM A131 is a widely recognized and utilized specification in the shipbuilding industry. It provides guidelines for the selection and use of structural steel plates, shapes, and bars for various applications related to marine construction.

The ASTM A131 specification covers several different grades of low-carbon, high-strength structural steel that are specifically designed for shipbuilding purposes. These grades include A, B, D, E, AH32, DH32, EH32, AH36, DH36, EH36, AH40, DH40, and EH40.

These steel grades are characterized by their excellent weldability and low-temperature impact toughness, ensuring they can withstand the demanding conditions encountered in maritime environments. They possess specific chemical compositions and mechanical properties that enable them to provide structural integrity and resistance to corrosion, as well as offer good formability during fabrication processes.

ASTM A131 Grade A is used for general strength applications, while Grades B, D, and E are suitable for higher-strength requirements. The grades prefixed with "AH" indicate high-strength shipbuilding steel with specified minimum yield points, such as AH32, AH36, and AH40. Similarly, the grades prefixed with "DH" and "EH" denote high-strength steel with specific minimum yield strengths.

The primary objective of ASTM A131 is to ensure the safety, reliability, and longevity of marine vessels and offshore structures. This specification plays a crucial role in providing standardized materials that meet the necessary strength, toughness, and weldability requirements for shipbuilding applications.

ASTM A131 Grade AH36 is a high-strength, low-alloy structural steel plate primarily used for shipbuilding applications. 

Here is a professional description of its chemical composition, physical properties, and typical usage:

Chemical composition (percentage by weight):

Carbon (C): ≤0.18%

Manganese (Mn): 0.90-1.60%

Phosphorus (P): ≤0.035%

Sulfur (S): ≤0.035%

Silicon (Si): 0.10-0.50%

Nickel (Ni): ≤0.40%

Chromium (Cr): ≤0.20%

Copper (Cu): ≤0.35%

Molybdenum (Mo): ≤0.08%

Vanadium (V): ≤0.02%

Nitrogen (N): ≤0.010%

Aluminum (Al): ≥0.015%

Physical properties:

Density: 7.85 g/cm³ (0.2836 lb/in³)

Melting point: 1420-1460°C (2588-2660°F)

Mechanical properties (minimum values at ambient temperature):

Yield strength (Ry): ≥355 MPa (51,400 psi)

Tensile strength (RT): 490-620 MPa (71,100-89,900 psi)

Elongation (A): ≥21%

Charpy impact energy (average): ≥34 J (25 ft·lbf) at -40°C (-40°F)

Typical usage:

ASTM A131 Grade AH36 steel is primarily used in the construction of ships and marine structures requiring high strength and excellent corrosion resistance. It is commonly utilized in the fabrication of hulls, decks, and other structural components of various maritime vessels, such as naval ships, commercial ships, and offshore platforms.

This grade of steel offers superior weldability, enabling efficient and reliable joining of components during shipbuilding. Its high strength and good toughness properties ensure the structural integrity and durability necessary for withstanding harsh operating conditions and extreme weather at sea.

The chemical composition of ASTM A131 Grade AH36 steel, combined with its physical and mechanical properties, makes it an ideal choice for marine applications where strength, formability, and resistance to corrosion are crucial factors.






23.0 °C

7.8 - 7.9 g/cm³

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel





Elastic modulus

23.0 °C

200 - 215 GPa

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Elongation A200

23.0 °C

13 - 21 %

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Elongation A50

23.0 °C

20 %

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Poisson's ratio

23.0 °C

0.29 [-]

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Shear modulus

23.0 °C

82 GPa

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Tensile strength

23.0 °C

490 - 620 MPa

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Yield strength

23.0 °C

355 MPa

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Coefficient of thermal expansion

23.0 °C

1.32E-5 - 1.38E-5 1/K

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Max service temperature

500 °C

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Typical for Carbon Steel

Melting point

1480 - 1526 °C

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Specific heat capacity

23.0 °C

465 J/(kg·K)

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Thermal conductivity

23.0 °C

25 - 93 W/(m·K)

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel





Electrical resistivity

23.0 °C

1.43E-7 - 1.74E-7 Ω·m

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Typical for Carbon Steel




Curie temperature

770 °C

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel




0.015 %

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5E-3 %

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0.18 %

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0.2 %

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0.35 %

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0.9 - 1.6 %

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0.08 %

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0.4 %

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0.02 - 0.05 %

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0.04 %

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0.1 - 0.5 %

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0.035 %

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0.02 %

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0.05 - 0.1 %

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