ASTM A131 Grade DH36

TAGS: ASTM A131 | Grade DH36 | Shipbuilding Steel Plate | Shipbuilding | Shipbuilding Steel |

ASTM A131 Grade DH36

ASTM A131 is a professional standard that provides guidelines for the selection and use of structural steel plates, shapes, and bars in the shipbuilding industry. It is widely recognized and utilized in marine construction projects.

The ASTM A131 specification encompasses several grades of low-carbon, high-strength structural steel designed specifically for shipbuilding purposes. These grades, including A, B, D, E, AH32, DH32, EH32, AH36, DH36, EH36, AH40, DH40, and EH40, have specific chemical compositions and mechanical properties tailored to meet the rigorous demands of maritime applications.

The steel grades specified in ASTM A131 exhibit excellent weldability and low-temperature impact toughness, enabling them to withstand the challenging conditions encountered in marine environments. They possess characteristics that ensure structural integrity, corrosion resistance, and good formability during fabrication processes.

the selection of a specific ASTM A131 grade depends on the required strength levels. Grades A, B, D, and E are suitable for general strength applications, while the grades prefixed with "AH," "DH," and "EH" indicate higher-strength shipbuilding steel with specified minimum yield points or strengths.

The primary objective of ASTM A131 is to enhance the safety, reliability, and longevity of marine vessels and offshore structures. By providing standardized materials with established mechanical and chemical properties, this specification ensures consistent quality and facilitates efficient construction practices in the shipbuilding industry.

ASTM A131 Grade DH36 is a high-strength, low-alloy structural steel specifically designed for shipbuilding applications. Here is a professional description of its chemical composition, physical properties, application, impact testing, notch toughness testing, and ultrasonic testing:

Chemical Composition (Percentage by Weight):

Carbon (C): ≤0.18%

Manganese (Mn): 0.90-1.60%

Phosphorus (P): ≤0.035%

Sulfur (S): ≤0.035%

Silicon (Si): 0.10-0.50%

Nickel (Ni): ≤0.40%

Chromium (Cr): ≤0.20%

Copper (Cu): ≤0.35%

Molybdenum (Mo): ≤0.08%

Vanadium (V): ≤0.05%

Nitrogen (N): ≤0.010%

Aluminum (Al): ≥0.015%

Physical Properties:

Density: 7.85 g/cm³ (0.2836 lb/in³)

Melting Point: 1415-1470°C (2579-2678°F)

Mechanical Properties (Minimum Values at Ambient Temperature):

Yield Strength (Ry): ≥355 MPa (51,400 psi)

Tensile Strength (RT): 490-620 MPa (71,100-89,900 psi)

Elongation (A): ≥21%

Impact Testing:

ASTM A131 Grade DH36 undergoes Charpy V-notch impact testing to measure its ability to absorb energy during rapid deformation. The average Charpy impact energy value should be ≥34 J (25 ft·lbf) at a specified temperature, typically -20°C (-4°F).

Notch Toughness Testing:

Notch toughness testing evaluates the material's resistance to brittle fracture under stress concentration at the notch or discontinuity. ASTM A131 Grade DH36 is expected to possess good notch toughness properties, ensuring its capability to resist crack initiation and propagation.

Ultrasonic Testing:

Ultrasonic testing is conducted on ASTM A131 Grade DH36 steel to detect internal defects, such as voids, inclusions, or discontinuities. This non-destructive testing method uses high-frequency sound waves to evaluate the integrity and soundness of the material.


ASTM A131 Grade DH36 steel is primarily used in the construction of ships and marine structures requiring high strength and durability. It finds application in hulls, decks, and other structural components for various types of vessels, including naval ships, commercial ships, and offshore platforms. The steel's chemical composition and mechanical properties make it suitable for withstanding harsh marine environments, heavy loads, and impact forces.






23.0 °C

7.8 - 7.9 g/cm³

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel





Elastic modulus

23.0 °C

200 - 215 GPa

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Elongation A200

23.0 °C

13 - 21 %

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Elongation A50

23.0 °C

20 %

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Poisson's ratio

23.0 °C

0.29 [-]

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Shear modulus

23.0 °C

82 GPa

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Tensile strength

23.0 °C

490 - 620 MPa

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Yield strength

23.0 °C

355 MPa

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Coefficient of thermal expansion

23.0 °C

1.32E-5 - 1.38E-5 1/K

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Max service temperature

500 °C

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Typical for Carbon Steel

Melting point

1480 - 1526 °C

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Specific heat capacity

23.0 °C

465 J/(kg·K)

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel

Thermal conductivity

23.0 °C

25 - 93 W/(m·K)

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel





Electrical resistivity

23.0 °C

1.43E-7 - 1.74E-7 Ω·m

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Typical for Carbon Steel




Curie temperature

770 °C

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Typical for Low Carbon Steel




0.015 %

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5E-3 %

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0.18 %

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0.2 %

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0.35 %

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0.9 - 1.6 %

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0.08 %

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0.4 %

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0.02 - 0.05 %

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0.04 %

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0.1 - 0.5 %

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0.035 %

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0.02 %

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0.05 - 0.1 %

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